Coton Breed > Grooming
TIPS FOR RAISING AND CARING FOR YOUR Coton de Tulear
The Coton de Tulèar breed originated in Madagascar. It is an ideal breed as a companion dog: they are dynamic and playful. They will adapt as much to live in the countryside as to live in the city. Little barker, with an enormous capacity for learning.
The race is characterized by a white hair, long, soft and with cottony touch, hence its name. Puppies can be born completely white and also white with spots of brown and black color that will disappear as they grow, so that in adulthood they will be white. In the standard, traces of these colors are accepted in adulthood.
At 12 months they will have reached their weight: from 3.5 to 6 kg depending on sex, and at 10 months their adult size: between 22 and 30 cm.
COAT: to have a nice and " cottony " coat is advisable to brush your dog at least 2 times a week to take out the fewest hairs. Between 7 and 12 months the puppy will change his baby hair by the Adult one. During that period will appear much more frequent knots. To avoid this, you should increase the frequency of brushing to 3 (or 4 if possible) times a week. The dog can be bathed once every 3-4 weeks. You always have to brush and remove all tangles before bathing the dog. After the bath he should blow-dry and give a final brushing to leave the hair completely unraveled. You must use specific products for dogs. It is advisable to always use a shampoo for puppies as it is smooth and clean like the adult. You can also use special shampoo for dogs with white hair , but not abuse them because eventually they can burn the tips. You can use cream rinse after washing, but do not overdo it because it will flatten the hair and lasts less time looking clean. It can be used only in the areas prone to knots: neck, behind the ears, and on the inside of the legs. It is not recommended to shave the hair completely, as the hair will grow hard way and lose some of the softness of the Coton feature race, but you can make a kind puppy cut once a year if it can not be constant or not have time to brush properly. This will make it much easier brushing but that nice touch having his fur is maintained.
NAILS : Nails should be cut regularly (every 2 months) above the front legs that are as less wear. It can be done with pliers specific for it. It can be done at home without problem. You should only cut the white part without reaching the pink part. If you cut more than necessary, it may bleed a little, but is solved by applying a little hydrogen peroxide with a cotton ball for a moment. To perform this task is good accustom the dog since childhood to be touched paws and pads, the top can be given only a "massage" to identify this manipulation as pleasurable and stay relaxed and still.
Ears: must be removed the small hairs that grow inside the ears, since moisture and wax could be plugs and generate otitis. These hairs can be removed by hand (it is not advisable to use tweezers). The appearance of the ear should be pink inside and clean. If secretion of a brown, pasty substance is observed, it should go to the vet as it may be infected. Also important, in the spring-summer period, to check not enter any spike in the ears (if country walks are doing) because it will not leave and can also cause infection. After each ride, a review of his fur.
EYES: should be cleaned regularly with some buttermilk or plain water to remove gummy. Some cotons are especially sensitive and constantly watery. If the tear hairs caught a little unsightly reddish hue, can be cut without problem.
FEET : Special cleaning is not necessary in the foot, but it is advisable to cut the hairs growing between the pads so that they are as dry as possible and prevent fungi can form. If these hairs are kept short also ensures better adhesion of the pads to the ground.
TEETH : after one year they can give beef bone to chew. This will help prevent the formation of tartar. You can also use other means to maintain proper oral hygiene and better breath: pasta chewing, dog toothpaste, etc... Every 2 years is appropriate a vet visit to check the condition of the teeth,and to see if a deep cleaning if necessary.
The Coton is an all-terrain dog: grass, mud, beach, forest... in spite of his fur, does not be a dog "look at me and do not touch me". You have to let him wallow and enjoy. And after, a brush (when dry), will leave them as "new."
ESSENTIAL ITEMS FOR A GOOD MAINTENANCE:
- A long and separate bristles comb for brushing.
- A wire brush without balls at the end.
- Shampoo and conditioner.
- Some aid detangling spray to apply at each brushing.